The sun is burning. On the construction site at the Straßroadside toil of the workers. Her bare Rücover gläcoins from the Schweiß. Such a scene is not ungewösimilar – but that’s exactly what it should be. Because füpeople who work Outdoors, the skin cancer on an entirely different meaning than für people, the üon the Maß to UV radiation in their leisure time kö decide;can.
Clearly erhöreported an increased risk of skin cancer when Working Outdoors
"If someone fünf days a week, eight hours täpossible draußen aufhält, is the risk für skin cancer significantly erhöht", Professor Hans Drexler, Director of the Institute and the polyclinic fü says;r occupational medicine and social medicine at the Universität in Erlangen. This has also been recognised by the legislator.
Since the year 2015 squamous cell carcinomas and their precursors are considered to be an occupational disease. Black skin cancer, and basal cell carcinomas do not, because these tumor types are not hämore often when people occur, the draußen work. The Begrü is;- making of the legislator.
Für basal cell carcinomas was the risk in Außworks although erhöht, but it is spent according to current knowledge, there is no significantly höhere Gefädanger before, says Drexler.
In the skin cancer case, the statutory accident insurance a jumps in outdoor occupations
Are affected all the Outdoor work, such as construction workers, roofers, lifeguard, employees of the Müllabfuhr and farmers. Füthese professional groups, means that the Status of skin cancer as an occupational disease, mainly that they are better cared for should they become ill.
"Then the Trä must;ger of the statutory accident insurance, use all appropriate means to entgegenwirken", erklärt Drexler. The heißt: Affected to receive better treatment than in the service catalogue of the health insurance provided. Most of the professional associations fü come;r the cost on – according to the expert, Drexler "quasi-liability insurance the Arbeitgeber".
Also Angehöbe dumb and financially unterstützt
The disease is more advanced, is Affected, and your Angehömembered financial Unterstüup to, a kind of Pain and suffering. The money comes from the professional Association, or other accident insurance. Drexler: "The köcan, depending on the Severity of the disease, a couple of Hundred Euro in the month."
Thus, in the best case, no Tumor develops, the employer must Maßtook the protection of his employees take, for example, für shadow of worry, where the möresembled is. "Sun sails offer an", Drexler says.
Lunch time avoid
Außalso, the employer must organise the working time so that the risks of UV rays are minimized. He should, therefore, gefä his employees and not especially;extensive midday sun exposing.
On highway construction sites, for example, is worked in two layers. "The a köcould eleven o’clock, the other at 15 beginnen", Drexler says. In the morning and in the evening köit is nne of his Job relatively safely draußen do.
Helmets and long Äsleeves as protection
Finally, the chief work clothes to VerfüPresident, the bestmöpossible before the sun schützt. So langärmelige shirts and helmets with neck protection and a wide edge so that the ears are covered.
Sun cream only comes into play when no shadow can be donated. "You schützt before Hautkrebs", Claus Garbe from the skin tumor center Tü says;bingen. "Even relatively small amounts UV – rays, the sun filtering protection means complete, köcan mutations auslösen. " Also könne it is not so much the cream as nötig, to achieve the indicated SPF. The nänamely, under ideal conditions tested.
How to protect yourself in everyday life?
Very effective: clothing has an SPF of 20 and more. It must be clothing with UV protection, which can be for some time to buy? "No. This is pure Marketing", so expert Drexler.
Very effective: the shadow corresponds to a SPF of 3 to 20. Deep in the forest, the protection is höas in the shade of a house wall.
Effective: There is sunscreen with up to SPF 50. Nevertheless, the tatsä is;chadvanced SPF usually much lower. Important: several times a lotion.